What is metabolic syndrome?
The causes of metabolic syndrome are addressed carefully in this article. A metabolic syndrome is a group of symptoms that happen at the same time and make you more likely to get heart disease, a stroke, or type 2 diabetes. Some of these signs are high blood pressure, high blood sugar, extra fat around the waist, and high or low levels of cholesterol or triglycerides.
You do not have metabolic syndrome just because of one of these symptoms. But it does mean you are more likely to get sick with something serious. And the more of these diseases you have, the more likely you are to get type 2 diabetes and heart disease.
Metabolic syndrome is also called dysmetabolic syndrome, insulin resistance syndrome, and Syndrome X.
If you have any of the following, your chance of getting metabolic syndrome goes up: As you get older, your chances of getting metabolic syndrome go up. If you have too much body fat, especially in your stomach area, you are more likely to get metabolic syndrome.
There is an association between the parts of a person’s lifestyle and a higher chance of getting metabolic syndrome. Lifestyle factors include what a person eats, how active they are, and whether or not they have trouble sleeping.
Most of the diseases that are linked to metabolic syndrome don’t have obvious symptoms or signs. One sign that might be seen is a large waist circumference. If your blood sugar is high, you may also have some of the signs and symptoms of diabetes, such as more thirst and urination, tiredness, and trouble seeing.
High cholesterol and high blood pressure are both things that can make it more likely for plaques to form in the arteries. Plaques can narrow and stiffen your arteries, making you more likely to have a heart attack or a stroke.
A strong link between not getting enough exercise and being overweight or obese is included in the causes of metabolic syndrome.
Most of the time, there are no visible signs right away. The metabolic syndrome has been linked to the growth of many health problems over time. If you’re not sure if you have metabolic syndrome or not, you should talk to a doctor. The physician will be able to make a diagnosis after getting the necessary tests, such as blood glucose, lipid profile (triglycerides and HDL), and blood pressure.
If you have metabolic syndrome, you are more likely to get any of the following:
If you don’t change your lifestyle to lose weight, you might develop insulin resistance. This will cause your blood sugar levels to go up. Insulin resistance is a long-term risk for getting type 2 diabetes.
Insulin resistance is one of the causes of metabolic syndrome. In a normal digestive process, your digestive system breaks down the food you eat into sugar. Insulin is a hormone that is made by your pancreas. It helps sugar get into cells so that it can be used as fuel.
Insulin resistance is caused by cells that don’t usually respond to insulin. This makes it hard for glucose to get into the cells of people with insulin resistance. Because of this, your blood sugar levels keep going up, even though your body is making more insulin to try to bring them down.
Several other factors are included in the causes of metabolic syndrome. If you’ve ever been told you have sleep apnea, polycystic ovarian syndrome, or non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, your chance of getting metabolic syndrome is much higher. Sleep apnea is a possibly risky sleep disorder that happens when a person’s breathing stops and starts while they sleep. Sleep apnea could be the problem if you snore loudly and feel tired even after a whole night of sleep.
By living a healthy lifestyle for one’s whole life, one can avoid the things that can lead to metabolic syndrome. Here are some parts of a healthy way of life:
- Not smoking
- One’s goal should be to stay at a healthy weight.
- Keeping your diet low in saturated fat and salt will help you stay healthy.
- Getting a lot of vegetables, fruits, lean proteins, and whole grains in your diet.
- Doing some kind of physical activity for at least 30 minutes on most days.